Self-Consistency Improves Chain of Thought Reasoning in Language Models - Summary

The paper proposes a new decoding strategy called self-consistency to improve the performance of chain-of-thought prompting in language models for complex reasoning tasks. Self-consistency first samples a diverse set of reasoning paths and then selects the most consistent answer by marginalizing ou

Arxiv URL: https://arxiv.org/abs/2203.11171

Authors: Xuezhi Wang, Jason Wei, Dale Schuurmans, Quoc Le, Ed Chi, Sharan Narang, Aakanksha Chowdhery, Denny Zhou

Summary:

The paper proposes a new decoding strategy called self-consistency to improve the performance of chain-of-thought prompting in language models for complex reasoning tasks. Self-consistency first samples a diverse set of reasoning paths and then selects the most consistent answer by marginalizing out the sampled reasoning paths. The proposed method boosts the performance of chain-of-thought prompting on popular arithmetic and commonsense reasoning benchmarks with a significant margin.

Key Insights & Learnings:

  • Self-consistency is a novel decoding strategy that improves the performance of chain-of-thought prompting in language models for complex reasoning tasks.
  • The proposed method first samples a diverse set of reasoning paths and then selects the most consistent answer by marginalizing out the sampled reasoning paths.
  • Self-consistency boosts the performance of chain-of-thought prompting on popular arithmetic and commonsense reasoning benchmarks with a significant margin.
  • The proposed method is entirely unsupervised, works off-the-shelf with pre-trained language models, requires no additional human annotation, and avoids any additional training, auxiliary models, or fine-tuning.
  • Self-consistency achieves new state-of-the-art levels of performance when used with PaLM-540B or GPT-3.


Terms Mentioned: chain-of-thought prompting, language models, self-consistency, decoding strategy, reasoning paths, marginalizing, arithmetic reasoning, commonsense reasoning, state-of-the-art

Technologies / Libraries Mentioned: Google Research, UL2-20B, GPT-3-175B, LaMDA-137B, PaLM-540B

Subscribe to Portkey Blog

Don’t miss out on the latest issues. Sign up now to get access to the library of members-only issues.
[email protected]
Subscribe